Brocade, woven by the people of china's national minorityi, is an ancient and rare folk art. it refers to "a bedcover brocaded with flowers". as a traditional handicraft of the China people, xilankapu is woven lengthwise with red, blue and black cotton threads, and crosswise with cotton threads of various colors or silk threads. the whole weaving process is finished on an ancient waist loom using only the weaver's deft hands plus a needle-like tool made of ox horn. tujia brocade boasts a long history it has evolved from ancient fabrics to cong cloth, through lan'gan fine cloth, ban cloth, and xidong cloth, to the brocade of the present. in the ming and qing dynasties, brocade came into full bloom, with its colors and patterns ranging from 100 to 200 types.